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According to a study released by The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), cigarette smoking has declined just over 42 percent since 1965, but the number of smokers still remains above the targeted Healthy People 2010 (HP2010) goal of 12 percent.
The JAMA reviews a report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes National Health Interview Survey data including:
- Smoking prevalence among working adults is 19.6 percent
- The smoking rate of those with less than a high school education is 28.4 percent
- The smoking rate of those who have no medical insurance is 28.6 percent
- For smokers living below the poverty level, the rate is 27.7 percent
- For the youngest group, aged 18 to 24 years, smoking prevalence is 23.8 percent
The report also looks at the various industries and occupations to determine which areas still remained high in terms of percentage of smokers. Education services represented the lowest number of smokers while the mining industry was the highest; 9.7 percent and 30 percent respectively. The report states that further cessation program availability is needed in some industries to assist in reducing the high-percentage of smokers.
NIHS interviews were conducted with a random selection of persons in the United States with one adult per household being selected. Working smokers were defined by responses to a series of questions. The information provided by participants over a seven-year span was coded and categorized into industry and occupation reflecting:
Seven years of data was collected to provide the most thorough representation of smokers and industries. During 2004-2010, of the estimated 223 million adults, 63.3 percent were employed during the week prior to the survey taking place. Cigarette smoking prevalence decreased with increasing age of interviewees. In the 18 to 24 year bracket, smoking percentages were 23.8 percent with only 10.2 percent of adults over 65 reporting smoking.
With great expectations to continue to see the smoking rate drop as it had prior to 2005, the results of the study show that reassessing of current programs and plans is necessary. The introduction of alternative products could further assist in reaching the Healthy People 2010 goal, though late.
What benefit do you see in the extensive studies conducted looking at the number of smokers and in what industry and education?
Full Study available for viewed at http://jama.ama-assn.org/